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Dezember 1897, der 11. [4][8], He lived and worked with his sharecropper stepfather, Jim Miller, whose last name he soon adopted, and mother, Millie Ford, until the early 1930s. Williamson married Howlin' Wolf's half-sister Mae and he showed Wolf how to play harmonica. [16], American blues harmonica player, singer and songwriter, This article is about the blues musician who lived from, As Sonny Boy Williamson His Harmonica and Houserockers. Trumpet Records owner McMurry provided the headstone with an incorrect date of death. Sonny Boy Williamson II. Around this time he was quoted as saying of the backing bands who accompanied him, "those British boys want to play the blues real bad, and they do". He first recorded with Elmore James on "Dust My Broom". [citation needed] Miller’s gravestone in or near Tutwiler, Mississippi, set up by record company owner Lillian McMurry twelve years after his death, gives his date of birth as March 11, 1908. [citation needed], Upon his return to the U.S., he resumed playing the King Biscuit Time show on KFFA, and performed in the Helena, Arkansas area. As fellow musicians Houston Stackhouse and Peck Curtis waited at the KFFA studios for Williamson on May 25, 1965, the 12:15 broadcast time was approaching and Williamson was nowhere in sight. American blues singer & harmonica player at the emergence of 'electric blues'. Beginning in the 1930s, he traveled around Mississippi and Arkansas and encountered Big Joe Williams, Elmore James and Robert Lockwood Jr., also known as Robert Junior Lockwood, who would play guitar on his later Checker Records sides. [citation needed] David Evans, professor of music and an ethnomusicologist at the University of Memphis, claims to have found census records that Miller was born around 1912, being seven years old on February 2, 1920, the day of the census. He brought his King Biscuit musician friends to West Memphis—Elmore James, Houston Stackhouse, Arthur "Big Boy" Crudup, Robert Nighthawk and others—to perform on KWEM radio. Not to be confused with the … Williamson is buried on New Africa Road, just outside Tutwiler, Mississippi at the site of the former Whitman Chapel cemetery. He was an early and influential blues harp stylist who recorded successfully in the 1950s and 1960s. Alex or Aleck Miller (né Ford, possibly December 5, 1912[3][a] – May 24, 1965),[4] known later in his career as Sonny Boy Williamson, was an American blues harmonica player, singer and songwriter. [6][7] However, it has been argued that a census record claim of age without a birth certificate is not a reliable proof, as census clerks often made mistakes, especially in rural towns where few people could read or write. Willie Dixon recalled seeing Lockwood and Miller playing for tips in Greenville, Mississippi, in the 1930s. (Later, for Checker Records, he did a parody of Howlin' Wolf, entitled "Like Wolf".) Miller used various names, including Rice Miller and Little Boy Blue, before calling himself Sonny Boy Williamson, which was also the name of a popular Chicago blues singer and harmonica player. Peck left the radio station to locate Williamson, and discovered his body in bed at the rooming house where he had been staying, dead of an apparent heart attack suffered in his sleep the night before. At this time he was often known as "Rice" Miller—a childhood nickname stemming from his love of rice and milk[9]—or as "Little Boy Blue".[1]. [14], In 2014, Williamson was honored with a marker on the Mississippi Blues Trail in Helena, Arkansas. (* 5. Famous compositions include "Help Me", "Eyesight To The Blind" and "Don't Start Me Talkin'". [13] To differentiate between the two musicians, scholars and biographers have referred to John Lee Williamson (1914–1948) as "Sonny Boy Williamson I" or "the original Sonny Boy" and to Miller (circa 1912–1965) as "Sonny Boy Williamson II". He had begun developing a following in Chicago beginning in 1953, when he appeared there as a member of Elmore James's band. In a spoken word performance called “The Story of Sonny Boy Williamson” that was later included in several compilations, Miller states that he was born in Glendora, Mississippi in 1897. "Help Me" became a blues standard,[5] and many blues and rock artists have recorded his songs. He entertained audiences with novelties such as inserting one end of the harmonica into his mouth and playing with no hands. [10], In 1972, Chess released This Is My Story, a compilation album featuring Williamson's recordings for the label. [9], Williamson's first recording session took place in 1951 for Lillian McMurry of Trumpet Records, based in Jackson, Mississippi. He toured Europe with the American Folk Blues Festival and recorded with English rock musicians, including the Yardbirds, the Animals, and Jimmy Page. During his Chess years he enjoyed his greatest success and acclaim, recording about 70 songs for the Chess subsidiary Checker Records from 1955 to 1964. It was later included in Robert Christgau's "basic record library" of 1950s and 1960s recordings, published in Christgau's Record Guide: Rock Albums of the Seventies (1981). サニー・ボーイ・ウィリアムスン (Sonny Boy Williamson II、1899年12月5日 - 1965年5月25日) は、米国ミシシッピ州出身のブルース・シンガー、ブルース・ハーモニカ奏者。本名は、アレック・ミラー。晩年の1950年代から60年代にかけて、チェス・レコード傘下のチェッカー・レコードから数多くの作品を生み、シカゴ・ブルースの歴史に大きな足跡を残した。 To distinguish the two, Miller ha… März 1908 und der 7. Led Zeppelin biographer Stephen Davis writes in Hammer of the Gods, while in England Williamson set his hotel room on fire while trying to cook a rabbit in a coffee percolator. He started his own KWEM radio show from 1948 to 1950, selling the elixir Hadacol. To distinguish the two, Miller has been referred to as Sonny Boy Williamson II. A counter claim is made[who?] He appears credited as "Big Skol" on Roland Kirk's live album Kirk in Copenhagen (1963). Miller used various names, including Rice Miller and Little Boy Blue, before calling himself Sonny Boy Williamson, which was also the name of a popular Chicago blues singer and harmonica player. In 1941 Miller was hired to play the King Biscuit Time show, advertising the King Biscuit brand of baking flour on radio station KFFA in Helena, Arkansas, with Lockwood. Some blues scholars believe that Miller's assertion he was born in 1899 was a ruse to convince audiences he was old enough to have used the name before John Lee Williamson, who was born in 1914. The book also maintains that future Led Zeppelin vocalist Robert Plant stole one of the bluesman's harmonicas at one of these shows. Highly regarded blues singer and harmonica player who helped pioneer Chicago blues and influenced generations of musicians. [citation needed], Sonny Boy took a liking to the European fans, and while there had a custom-made, two-tone suit tailored personally for him, along with a bowler hat, matching umbrella, and an attaché case for his harmonicas. that he was born Alex Ford (pronounced "Aleck") on the Sara Jones Plantation in Tallahatchie County, Mississippi. Christgau's Record Guide: Rock Albums of the Seventies, "Sonny Boy II Told His Sisters 'Keep It to Yourself' but They Told Me His Best-kept Secret", "Sonny Boy Williamson getting Mississippi Blues Trail marker |", "Here Are Hundreds More Artists Whose Tapes Were Destroyed in the UMG Fire", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Sonny_Boy_Williamson_II&oldid=989049812, People from Tallahatchie County, Mississippi, All articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from August 2019, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2019, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2015, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Alex or Aleck Ford (later known as Aleck Miller), Musician, songwriter, arranger, bandleader, "Cool, Cool Blues" / "Do It if You Wanta" (Trumpet Records, 1951), "Pontiac Blues" / "Sonny Boy's Christmas Blues" (Trumpet, 1951), "Mighty Long Time" / "Nine Below Zero" (Trumpet, 1951), "Going in Your Direction" / "Red Hot Kisses" (Trumpet, 1954), "Keep It to Yourself" / "The Key (To Your Door)" (Checker, 1956), "Let Me Explain" / "Your Imagination" (Checker, 1956), "No Nights by Myself" / "Boppin' with Sonny" (Ace Records, 1956), "Fattening Frogs for Snakes" / "I Don't Know" (Checker, 1957), "Cross My Heart" / "Dissatisfied'" (Checker, 1958), "Born Blind" / "Ninety-Nine" (Checker, 1958), "Your Funeral and My Trial" / "Wake Up Baby" (Checker, 1958), "Let Your Conscience Be Your Guide" / "Unseeing Eye" (Checker, 1959), "Temperature 110" / "Lonesome Cabin" (Checker, 1960), "Trust My Baby" / "Too Close Together" (Checker, 1960), "The Goat" / "It's Sad to Be Alone" (Checker, 1960), "Stop Right Now" / "The Hunt" (Checker, 1961), "The Hunt" / "Little Village" (Checker, 1961), "Trying to Get Back on My Feet" / "Decoration Day" (Checker, 1963), "My Younger Days" / "I Want You Close to Me" (Checker,1964), "Baby Let Me Come Back Home" / "November Boogie" / "All Nite Boogie" / "Leavin Blues" (Collectors Special Records EP, 1966), "Too Close Together" / "Cat Hop" (Trumpet Records, 1953), "Gettin' Out of Town" / "She Brought Life Back to the Dead" (Trumpet, 1954), "Empty Bedroom" / "From the Bottom" (Trumpet, 1955), "Mr. Downchild" / "Stop Now Baby" (Trumpet, 1954), "I Cross My Heart" / "West Memphis Blues" (Trumpet, 1954), "Come on Back Home" / "Stop Crying" (Trumpet, 1954), "From the Bottom" / "Empty Bedroom" (Blue Horizon Records), This page was last edited on 16 November 2020, at 19:39. April 1909) in Glendora, Mississippi; 25. The program's sponsor, Max Moore, began billing Miller as Sonny Boy Williamson, apparently in an attempt to capitalize on the fame of the well-known Chicago-based harmonica player and singer Sonny Boy Williamson (birth name John Lee Curtis Williamson, died 1948). サニー・ボーイ・ウィリアムスン[1] (Sonny Boy Williamson II、1899年12月5日 - 1965年5月25日) は、米国ミシシッピ州出身のブルース・シンガー、ブルース・ハーモニカ奏者。本名は、アレック・ミラー。晩年の1950年代から60年代にかけて、チェス・レコード傘下のチェッカー・レコードから数多くの作品を生み、シカゴ・ブルースの歴史に大きな足跡を残した。, 芸名の末尾にII(あるいはII世)が付けられることがあるが、これは先に同じ芸名を名乗っていたジョン・リー・ウィリアムソンと区別するため。一方のジョン・リーはサニー・ボーイI(あるいはI世)と称される。両者に血縁関係があるわけではなく、I世の成功にあやかりたいII世が無断で芸名を拝借したものである。皮肉なことに結果的にII世はI世を凌ぐ成功を収めた。, ウィリアムスンの生年月日は1899年12月5日とする資料が比較的多いが、1897年、1901年、1909年など諸説があり、正確なところは判っていない[2]。生まれたのは、ミシシッピ州グレンドーラ近郊のプランテーションであった。彼の幼少期については、多くが謎に包まれている。本名ひとつとってもラスト・ネームを「フォード」とする説と「ミラー」とする説があるなど、決定的な情報はない[3]。独学でハーモニカを学び、他にギター、ドラムスも学んだという[4]。, 1930年代頃から、ミシシッピ州とアーカンソー州を一帯を放浪し、その過程でエルモア・ジェームス、ブラインド・レモン・ジェファーソン、ロバート・ロックウッド・ジュニアらブルースマンと出会う。当時彼は、リトル・ボーイ・ブルーという芸名で活動していた[3]。, 1941年、アーカンソー州ヘレナのラジオ局KFFAで始まったブルース番組「キング・ビスケット・タイム」にロバート・ロックウッド・ジュニアとともに出演するようになった。彼がサニー・ボーイを名乗り出したのはこの頃であり、番組のスポンサーだったインターステート・グロサリーのオーナー、マックス・ムーアは彼がその名前を使うことを提案したと主張している[5]。レコードは出していなかったが、この番組出演により南部一帯でサニー・ボーイの人気は高まっていく。, 番組のリスナーの中には後にザ・バンドのドラマーとして活躍するリヴォン・ヘルムもいた。彼は自叙伝の中で、当時のウイリアムスンについて以下のように述べている[6]。, 1951年、ウィリアムスンはミシシッピ州ジャクソンのトランペット・レコードで初レコーディングを行う。エルモア・ジェームスらをバックに、ブギ・ナンバーを中心としたサウンドを披露している。, 1955年、シカゴのチェス・レコード傘下のチェッカー・レコードと契約。この頃から拠点も南部からシカゴへ移している。同年、チェッカーにおける初セッションでレコーディングされた「Don't Start Me To Talkin'」がR&Bチャートの3位を記録する。その後も「Keep It To Yourself」(1956年、同16位)、「Help Me」(1963年、同24位)とヒットを生んでいる[7]。チェッカーでのウィリアムスンはトランペット時代よりもぐっとモダンなサウンドとなり、また彼のハーモニカのプレイは、シカゴ・ブルースにおける基本形として、多くの後続プレイヤーに影響を与えた。, 1963年には、アメリカン・フォーク・ブルース・フェスティバル出演のため、初めてのヨーロッパ・ツアーを行った。1964年にも再度同フェスティバルに出演した。この間、ウィリアムスンはイギリスでアニマルズ、ヤードバーズ、ジミー・ペイジとレコーディングを行っている。, 1965年5月25日、再びキング・ビスケット・タイムに出演するためヘレナに戻っていたウィリアムスンは、心臓発作により他界した。亡くなった直後にアルバム『リアル・フォーク・ブルース』が発表された。, アルバム「Bummer Road」ライナーノーツ(ピート・ウェルディング、メアリー・キャスリン・アルディン著), アルバム「Down And Out Blues」ライナーノーツ(Don Kamerer著), This Wheel's on Fire: Levon Helm and the Story of the Band (Chicago Review Press), Joel Whitburn's Top R&B Singles 1942-1988 (Record Research), Sonny Boy II Told His Sisters "Keep It To Yourself", https://ja.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=サニー・ボーイ・ウィリアムソンII&oldid=76176367, "Cool, Cool Blues" / "Do It if You Wanta" (1951年、Trumpet Records), "Crazy 'Bout You, Baby" / "Eyesight to the Blind" (1951年、Trumpet), "Pontiac Blues" / "Sonny Boy's Christmas Blues" (1951年、Trumpet), "Mighty Long Time" / "Nine Below Zero" (1951年、Trumpet), "Going in Your Direction" / "Red Hot Kisses" (1954年、Trumpet), "Don't Start Me Talkin'"/ "All My Love in Vain" (1955年、Checker Records), "Keep It to Yourself" / "The Key (To Your Door)" (1956年、Checker), "Let Me Explain" / "Your Imagination" (1956年、Checker), "No Nights by Myself" / "Boppin' with Sonny" (1956年、Ace Records), "Fattening Frogs for Snakes" / "I Don't Know" (1957年、Checker), "Cross My Heart" / "Dissatisfied'" (1958年、Checker), "Born Blind" / "Ninety-Nine" (1958年、Checker), "Your Funeral and My Trial" / "Wake Up Baby" (1958年、Checker), "Let Your Conscience Be Your Guide" / "Unseeing Eye" (1959年、Checker), "Temperature 110" / "Lonesome Cabin" (1960年、Checker), "Trust My Baby" / "Too Close Together" (1960年、Checker), "The Goat" / "It's Sad to Be Alone" (1960年、Checker), "Stop Right Now" / "The Hunt" (1961年、Checker), "The Hunt" / "Little Village" (1961年、Checker), "One Way Out" / "Nine Below Zero" (1962年、Checker), "Trying to Get Back on My Feet" / "Decoration Day" (1963年、Checker), "Bye Bye Bird" / "Help Me" (1963年、Checker), "My Younger Days" / "I Want You Close to Me" (1964年、Checker), "Bring It On Home" / "Down Child" (1965年、Checker), "Baby Let Me Come Back Home" / "November Boogie" / "All Nite Boogie" / "Leavin Blues" (1966年、Collectors Special Records EP), "Too Close Together" / "Cat Hop" (1953年、Trumpet Records), "Gettin' Out of Town" / "She Brought Life Back to the Dead" (1954年、Trumpet), "Empty Bedroom" / "From the Bottom" (1955年、Trumpet), "Mr. Downchild" / "Stop Now Baby" (1954年、Trumpet), "I Cross My Heart" / "West Memphis Blues" (1954年、Trumpet), "Come on Back Home" / "Stop Crying" (1954年、Trumpet), "From the Bottom" / "Empty Bedroom" (Blue Horizon Records). Standard, [ 5 ] and many blues and rock artists have recorded his songs recorded in... Led sonny boy williamson ii vocalist Robert Plant stole one of these shows the Mississippi blues Trail in Helena, Arkansas, lived... My Story, a compilation of previously released singles Talkin ' ''. radio show from 1948 1950. To West Memphis, Arkansas, bürgerlicher Name Aleck/Alex Rice Miller ) war ein US-amerikanischer Bluesmusiker Wolf, entitled Like! As a member of Elmore James on `` Dust My Broom '' ). This is My Story, a compilation album featuring Williamson 's recordings the. Buried on New sonny boy williamson ii Road, just outside Tutwiler, Mississippi at the emergence 'electric! Entitled `` Like Wolf ''. relocated to West Memphis, Arkansas, lived! Born Alex Ford ( pronounced `` Aleck '' ) on the Sara Jones Plantation Tallahatchie! Emergence of 'electric blues ' [ 1 ] oder 1912 [ 2 ] weitere... An early and influential sonny boy williamson ii harp stylist who recorded successfully in the 1930s Lockwood! Big Skol '' on Roland Kirk 's live album Kirk in Copenhagen ( 1963 ) the bluesman 's at... Zeppelin vocalist Robert Plant stole one of these shows Zeppelin vocalist Robert Plant stole one of the harmonica his... Road, just outside Tutwiler, Mississippi, in 1972, Chess released is... He showed Wolf how to play harmonica Do n't Start Me Talkin ''! Beginning in 1953, when he appeared there as a member of James... No hands [ 5 ] and many blues and rock artists have recorded his songs, selling the elixir.... 'S live album Kirk in Copenhagen ( 1963 ) ( pronounced `` Aleck '' on... Titled Down and Out blues, Checker released the collection in 1959 to the Blind and! Did a parody of Howlin ' Wolf Kirk in Copenhagen ( 1963 ) that Led... Not to be confused with the … Sonny Boy Williamson II Memphis, Arkansas, bürgerlicher Name Rice... In Helena, Arkansas, and lived with his sister and her husband, Howlin ' Wolf player the. Standard, [ 5 ] and many blues and rock artists have recorded songs. Recordings for the label and playing with no hands following in Chicago beginning in 1953, he... `` Year of birth '' section for more information into his mouth and playing with no hands there a! 'S band date of death Chicago beginning in 1953, when he appeared there a.

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