province of ferrara

The clay terroir of the area, an alluvial plain created by the river Po, is not ideal for wine; a notable exception is Bosco Eliceo (DOC) wine, made from grapes cultivated on the sandy coast line. The main rivers in the province are the Po and the Reno. It became the most famous of Frescobaldi's works and was studied centuries after his death by numerous composers, including Johann Sebastian Bach.

He began to organize Fascist gangs and formed his own group. The astounding list of painters and artists includes the names of Andrea Mantegna, Vicino da Ferrara, Giovanni Bellini, Leon Battista Alberti, Pisanello, Piero della Francesca, Battista Dossi, Dosso Dossi, Cosmé Tura, Francesco del Cossa and Titian. This page was last changed on 4 June 2019, at 21:59.

Palazzo Schifanoia ("sans souci") was built in 1385 for Alberto V d'Este. [22], The legislative body of the Italian communes is the City Council (Consiglio Comunale), which, in towns having between 100,000 and 250,000 population, is composed by 32 councillors elected every five years with a proportional system, contextually to the mayoral elections. It was paid for and made by Yom-Tob ben Levi Athias (the Spanish Marrano Jerónimo de Vargas, as typographer) and Abraham ben Salomon Usque (the Portuguese Jew Duarte Pinhel, as translator), and was dedicated to Ercole II d'Este.

During WWII, the Este Castle, adjacent to the Corso Roma, now known as the Corso Martiri della Libertà, was the site of an infamous massacre in 1943. [2], In 1055, the partially independent town of Fererra was given imperial powers, but was led by Matilda of Tuscany from 1101 and Frederick I, Holy Roman Emperor from 1158.

It will enhance any encyclopedic page you visit with the magic of the WIKI 2 technology. Centro Storico Ferrara. The architecture of Ferrara greatly benefited from the genius of Biagio Rossetti, who was requested in 1484 by Ercole I to draft a masterplan for the expansion of the town. His celebrated book, The Garden of the Finzi-Continis, was published in Italian as Giardino dei Finzi-Contini, 1962, by Giulio Einaudi editore s.p.a. As of 2016, it has a population of 354,238 inhabitants over an area of 2,635.12 square kilometres (1,017.43 sq mi).

Local patisserie include spicy pampepato chocolate pie, tenerina, a dark chocolate and butter cake, and zuppa inglese, a chocolate and custard pudding on a bed of sponge cake soaked in Alchermes.

The Jewish residents of Ferrara paid 30,000 ducats to prevent the pillage of the city by Klenau's forces; this was used to pay the wages of Gardani's troops. [9] In 1264 Obizzo II of Este was thus proclaimed lifelong ruler of Ferrara, Lord of Modena in 1288 and of Reggio in 1289.

His masterpiece Fiori musicali (Musical Flowers) is a collection of liturgical organ music first published in 1635. Would you like Wikipedia to always look as professional and up-to-date? The situation of the Jews deteriorated in 1598, when the Este dynasty moved to Modena and the city came under papal control. Seafood is also an important part of the local tradition, that boast rich fisheries in the Po delta lagoons and Adriatic sea. Ferrara gave birth to Girolamo Savonarola, the famous medieval Dominican priest and leader of Florence from 1494 until his execution in 1498.

It was the private residence of merchant Giovanni Romei, related by marriage to the Este family, and likely the work of the court architect Pietrobono Brasavola. The signature dish is cappellacci di zucca, special ravioli with a filling of butternut squash, Parmigiano-Reggiano and flavored with nutmeg. [10] Later the Franks, after routing the Lombards, presented Ferrara to the Papacy in 754 or 756.

After making the standard request for surrender at 0800, which was refused, Klenau ordered a barrage from his mortars and howitzers. The city is predominantly Roman Catholic, with small Orthodox Christian adherents. As of 2006[update], 95.59% of the population was Italian. The town of Ferrara lies on the southern shores of the Po river, about 44 km (27 mi) north-east of the regional capital, Bologna, and 87 km (54 mi) south of Venice.

However, an earthquake struck the town in 1570, causing the economy to collapse, and when Ercole II's son Alfonso II died without heirs, the House of Este lost Ferrara to the Papal States. [4], From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, Map with the province of Ferrara, in red, in Italy, "Comuni Provincia di Ferrara per popolazione", https://simple.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Province_of_Ferrara&oldid=6565711, Pages with non-numeric formatnum arguments, Articles containing Italian-language text, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License. To install click the Add extension button. The urban organisation is governed by the Italian Constitution (art.

The province is bordered to the north by the province of Rovigo in the Veneto region, to the northwest by the province of Mantua in Lombardy, to the west by the Modena and Bologna provinces, to the south by the province of Ravenna and to the east by the Adriatic Sea. Pasta with clams and grilled or stewed eel dishes are especially well-known. The resulting "Erculean Addition" is considered one of the most important examples of Renaissance urban planning[13] and contributed to the selection of Ferrara as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The town is still almost totally encircled by 9 kilometres (6 miles) of ancient brick walls, mostly built between 1492 and 1520. [4] The Renaissance Palazzo Paradiso, part of the Ferrara University library system, displays part of the manuscript of Orlando furioso and letters by Tasso as well as Ludovico Ariosto's grave. [2], In 1921, Italo Balbo joined the newly created National Fascist Party and soon became a secretary of the Ferrara fascist organization. A large collection of paintings is displayed in the National Gallery of Palazzo dei Diamanti. The Province of Rovigo in the Veneto region lies immediately to the north and the Province of Mantua in Lombardy to the northwest.

Its capital is the city of Ferrara. The executive body is the City Committee (Giunta Comunale), composed by 12 assessors, that is nominated and presided over by a directly elected mayor. As of 2016[update] it had 132,009 inhabitants. The Renaissance literary men and poets Torquato Tasso (author of Jerusalem Delivered), Ludovico Ariosto (author of the romantic epic poem Orlando Furioso) and Matteo Maria Boiardo (author of the grandiose poem of chivalry and romance Orlando Innamorato) lived and worked at the court of Ferrara during the 15th and 16th century. This is the initial phase of a project—known as MEIS, after its initials in Italian—to be completed in 2021, with additional buildings that will create a major Jewish cultural hub and add exhibits focusing on the Jews in the Italian Renaissance and the Shoah.[35][36].

In 1452 Borso of Este was created duke of Modena and Reggio by Emperor Frederick III and in 1471 duke of Ferrara by Pope Paul II.

On 15 April, Lieutenant Field Marshal Johann von Klenau approached the fortress with a modest mixed force of Austrian cavalry, artillery and infantry augmented by Italian peasant rebels, commanded by Count Antonio Bardaniand and demanded its capitulation. The northern quarter, which was added by Ercole I in 1492–1505 thanks to the master plan of Biagio Rossetti, and hence called the Addizione Erculea, features a number of Renaissance palazzi. That's it.

Ferrara, a university city second only to Bologna, remained a part of the Papal States for almost 300 years, an era marked by a steady decline; in 1792 the population of the town was only 27,000, less than in the 17th century.

The interior was restored in baroque style in 1712. The first documented settlements in the area of the present-day Province of Ferrara date from the 6th century BC. Among the finest is Palazzo dei Diamanti (Diamond Palace), named after the diamond points into which the façade's stone blocks are cut. The average age of Ferrara residents is 49 compared to the Italian average of 42. Alfonso I succeeded to the throne in 1505 and married the notorious Lucrezia Borgia.

[4] The marble campanile attributed to Leon Battista Alberti[27] was initiated in 1412 but is still incomplete, missing one projected additional storey and a dome, as it can be observed from numerous historical prints and paintings on the subject. Apart from a few years under Napoleon and during the 1848 revolution, the ghetto lasted until Italian unification in 1859. In 1509 he was excommunicated by Pope Julius II, but was able to overcome the Papal and Spanish armies in 1512 at the Battle of Ravenna. The Po forms the north border of the province with the province of Rovigo. In 1938, Mussolini's fascist government instituted racial laws reintroducing segregation of Jews which lasted until the end of the German occupation.

As of 2016 it had 132,009 inhabitants. The upper part of the main façade, with arcades of pointed arches, dates from the 13th century.

Its provincial capital is the city Ferrara . It was made into a film by Vittorio de Sica in 1970. [5] The ruins of the Etruscan town of Spina, established along the lagoons at the ancient mouth of Po river, were lost until modern times, when drainage schemes in the Valli di Comacchio marshes in 1922 first officially revealed a necropolis with over 4,000 tombs, evidence of a population centre that in Antiquity must have played a major role. He was known for his book burning, destruction of what he considered immoral art, and hostility to the Renaissance. It is served with a sauce of butter and sage or bolognese sauce. The traditional Christmas first course is cappelletti, large meat and cheese filled ravioli served in chicken broth. You could also do it yourself at any point in time. The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. The main lakes in the province are the Lago delle Nazioni ("Nation's Lake), an artificial lake, and the Lago del Quaternario.

The current division of the seats in the city council, after the 2019 local election, is the following: The imposing Este Castle, sited in the very centre of the town, is iconic of Ferrara. [16] In 1805–1814 it was briefly part of the Napoleonic Kingdom of Italy, a client-state of the French Empire.

Province of Ferrara, Emilia‑Romagna. [31] For the next three days, Klenau patrolled the countryside, capturing the surrounding strategic points of Lagoscuro, Borgoforte and the Mirandola fortress. [29] The current birth rate of Ferrara is 7.02 births per 1,000 inhabitants compared to the Italian average of 9.45 births. Its citadel was occupied by the Austrians in 1831 after the Italian United Provinces was formed, and the Austrians occupied the city in 1847.

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